The seven essential steps or subtasks that we will describe below are transversal or generic to qualitative data analysis techniques. The technique’s focus on the analysis rests on specific choices according to each objective and research questions.
For very practical purposes, it can be said that qualitative research of scientific nature has three stages: (1) an exploratory phase; (2) fieldwork; (3) analysis and treatment of the empirical and documentary material. The exploratory phase consists of the production of the research project and all the procedures necessary for preparation to enter the field. The fieldwork phase constitutes the primordial moment for understanding, in intersubjectivity, the empirical reality under study.
Content Analysis is a data analysis technique, collected from a variety of sources, but preferably expressed in text or images. The nature of these documents can be varied, such as archival material, literary texts, reports, news, evaluative comments of a given situation, diaries and autobiographies, articles selected through the method of literature review, transcripts of interviews, texts requested on a specific subject, field notes, etc